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Nutmeg - Myristica fragransBoth nutmeg and mace are used for flatulence and to correct the nausea arising from other drugs, also to allay nausea and vomiting.
This aromatic stimulant is used in small doses to improve the appetite and digestion. In traditional Indian medicine, Nutmeg is indicated for fever, general debility, among other uses. For culinary purposes, this flavorful spice can be added to spice cakes, cookies, desserts, milk drinks and spice blends.
The compound macelignan was isolated from Myristica fragrans (Myristicaceae) and shown to exert antimicrobial activity against Streptococus mutans comparable to chlorhexidine and superior to other natural anticariogenic agents (sanguinarine, eucalyptol, thymol, menthol and methyl salicylate). Macelignan (20 μg / ml) displayed rapid antibacterial activity and completely eliminated viable Streptococus mutans within 1 min. It also showed preferential activity against other cariogenic bacteria. Macelignan also displayed antibiofilm activity against Streptococus mutans, Streptococus sanguis and Actinomyces viscosus.[
The nutmeg tree is any of several species of trees in genus Myristica. The most important commercial species is Myristica fragrans, an evergreen tree indigenous to the Banda Islands in the Moluccas of Indonesia, or Spice Islands. The nutmeg tree is important for two spices derived from the fruit, nutmeg and mace. Nutmeg is the actual seed of the tree, roughly egg-shaped and about 20 to 30 mm (0.8 to 1 in) long and 15 to 18 mm (0.6 to 0.7 in) wide, and weighing between 5 and 10 g (0.2 and 0.4 oz) dried, while mace is the dried "lacy" reddish covering or aril of the seed. The first harvest of nutmeg trees takes place 7–9 years after planting, and the trees reach full production after 20 years. Nutmeg is usually used in powdered form.
|Nutmeg is a very weak hallucinogen; and whole nuts have been used to produce "trips". This dosage of nutmeg can cause some very unpleasant side effects, notably prolonged nausea. However perfectly fine when used as a common spice.|