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Sage - Salvia officinalisDown through the ages, the leaves have indeed offer herbal deliverance from throat irritation, as well as excess mucus and fluid discharges.
In the United States, where it is still an official medicine, it is in some repute, especially in the form of an infusion, the principal and most valued application of which is as a wash for the cure of affections of the mouth and as a gargle in inflamed sore throat, being excellent for relaxed throat and tonsils, and also for ulcerated throat. The gargle is useful for bleeding gums and to prevent an excessive flow of saliva.
As early as 1600 B.C. Sage leaves have been used to promote mouth and gum health. Its essential oil content exerts an astringent action, and is often used to inhibit mucus & fluid secretions. In fact, you’ll notice Sage as a primary ingredient in many natural deodorants and antiperspirants. Like most spices, Sage acts as a mild digestive aid for alleviating gas, bloating and nausea. The herb plays a vital role in women’s Health as well. Many have found comforting support for menopausal hot flashes and night sweats. Current research shows it contains powerful antioxidant compounds that help neutralize cell damaging free radicals in the body.
Modern evidence shows possible uses as an anhidrotic, antibiotic, antifungal, astringent, antispasmodic, estrogenic, hypoglycemic, and tonic. In a double blind, randomized and placebo-controlled trial, sage was found to be effective in the management of mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease.
The infusion when made for internal use is termed Sage Tea, and can be made simply by pouring 1 pint of boiling water on to 1 OZ. of the dried herb, the dose being from a wineglassful to half a teacupful, as often as required, but the old-fashioned way of making it is more elaborate and the result is a pleasant drink, cooling in fevers, and also a cleanser and purifier of the blood. Half an ounce of fresh Sage leaves, 1 OZ. of sugar, the juice of 1 lemon, or 1/4 OZ. of grated rind, are infused in a quart of boiling water and strained off after half an hour.
Salvia officinalis (Garden sage, Common sage) is a small perennial evergreen subshrub, with woody stems, grayish leaves, and blue to purplish flowers. It is a member of the family Lamiaceae and is native to the Mediterranean region, though it has naturalized in many places throughout the world. It has a long history of medicinal and culinary use, and in modern times as an ornamental garden plant.